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Category: Crystallography

Crystal Pulling from the Melt by Donald T.J. Hurle

By Donald T.J. Hurle

Crystal pulling is an commercial procedure and offers the majority of semiconductor crystals for the semiconductor undefined. at first a in simple terms empirical technique, the rise in value and dimension of the has resulted in simple examine into the basics of the method - rather the modelling of warmth and mass move. The e-book has been written through the well-known authority on Czochralski crystal-growth suggestions. it really is an try to enhance the interface among the sensible crystal grower and the utilized mathematician keen on analytical and machine modelling. Its concentration is at the physics, chemistry and metallurgy of the method. From reviews: "... there's a desire for a contemporary, non-trivial textual content on Czochralski development ... and Dr. Hurle is eminently suited for write any such text."; "Dr. Hurle is maybe uniquely certified to write down a publication on ... (the Czochralski) progress procedure. ... He has released loads of very huge in addition to cutting edge paintings during this area."

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Glassy Materials and Disordered Solids: An Introduction to by Kurt Binder

By Kurt Binder

The physics of glassy fabrics and disordered solids provides scholars with a space of research even more hard than the physics of crystalline solids. Written by means of famous specialists within the box, this hugely readable ebook tackles the topic with the coed firmly in brain, starting with a pedagogical creation to big techniques equivalent to percolation, fractals, spin glasses, and glasses. utilising those innovations, the authors express that such platforms percentage many universal features that may be defined in the framework of statistical mechanics. The e-book can also be a necessary usual textual content for researchers on amorphous fabrics, both obtainable for theorists and experimentalists.

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Admixtures in Crystallization by Jaroslav Nyvlt, Joachim Ulrich

By Jaroslav Nyvlt, Joachim Ulrich

Utilizing info amassed from just about all to be had literature, this matchless e-book offers an exhaustive survey of the results of admixtures on crystallization. A concise therapy of present conception and perform makes this e-book compatible for beginners in addition to imperative for extra complicated chemists and chemical engineers operating during this box.

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Nonlinear optical crystals: a complete survey by David N. Nikogosyan

By David N. Nikogosyan

Nonlinear optical options are actually well-known because the most productive skill to be had to generate laser radiation at wavelengths which are almost immediately inaccessible through traditional resources. This expertise makes use of nonlinear optical crystals for the frequency conversion of laser mild. The e-book includes the main whole and recent reference fabric on houses of nonlinear optical crystals, describes their functions, either conventional and particular, and gives the most mathematical formulation valuable for the calculation of the frequency conversion approach. it's a very important resource of info for scientists and engineers facing sleek functions of nonlinear optical crystals in quantum electronics, optoelectronics and laser physics.

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Structural Virology by Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, Robert McKenna, Stephen Neidle,

By Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, Robert McKenna, Stephen Neidle, Roderick E Hubbard, David M J Lilley, Marius Clore, Simon Campbell, Brittney Gurda, Colin Parrish, Alasdair C Steven, Bob Sinkovits, Timothy Baker, Lakshmanan Govindasamy, Nico Tjandra, John Domsic,

"Structural Virology covers quite a lot of themes and is divided into 3 sections. the 1st discusses the giant biophysical methodologies utilized in structural virology, together with pattern construction and purification, confocal microscopy, mass spectrometry, negative-stain and cryo-electron microscopy, X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. the second one discusses the position of virus capsid protein buildings in deciding on the sensible roles required for receptor acceptance, mobile access, capsid meeting, genome packaging and mechanisms of host immune approach evasion. The final part discusses healing techniques in keeping with virus protein constructions, together with the layout of antiviral medicines and the improvement of viral capsids as autos for overseas gene delivery"--From publisher's description. learn more... content material: construction and purification of viruses for structural reports / Brittney L. Gurda and Mavis Agbandje-McKenna -- Microscopic research of viral mobile binding, access and an infection in dwell cells / Colin R. Parrish -- Probing viral capsids in answer / Brian Bothner and Jonathan okay. Hilmer -- three-d constructions of pleiomorphic viruses from cryo-electron tomography / Alasdair C. Steven, Giovanni Cardone, Carmen Butan, Dennis C. Winkler and J. Bernard Heymann -- constitution choice of icosahedral viruses imaged by means of cryo-electron microscopy / Robert S. Sinkovits and Timothy S. Baker -- X-ray crystallography of virus capsids / Lakshmanan Govindasamy, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna and Robert McKenna -- Structural reports of viral proteins : x-ray crystallography / John Domsic and Robert McKenna -- resolution NMR spectroscopy in characterizing constitution, dynamics and intermolecular interactions of retroviral structural proteins / Kang Chen and Nico Tjandra -- Evolution of viral capsid buildings : the 3 domain names of lifestyles / Reza Khayat and John E. Johnson -- Mechanisms of icosahedral virus meeting / Adam Zlotnick and Bentley S. Fane -- Mechanisms of genome packaging / Mark Oram and Lindsay W. Black -- Attachment and access : receptor attractiveness in viral pathogenesis / Damian C. Ekiert and Ian A. Wilson -- Attachment and access : viral phone fusion / Rachel M. Schowalter, Everett C. Smith and Rebecca Ellis Dutch -- Structural stories on antibody-virus complexes / Thomas J. Smith -- improvement of anti-HIV medicines / Roxana M. Coman and Robert McKenna -- layout of capsid-binding antiviral brokers opposed to human rhinoviruses / Chuan Xiao, Mark A. McKinlay and Michael G. Rossmann -- Viral vectors for gene supply / David J. Dismuka, Steven J. grey, Matthew L. Hirsch, Richard Samulski and Nicholas Muzyczka. summary: This unparalleled monograph, through specialists in structural biology and virology, is for biomedical scientists fascinated with uncomplicated and utilized learn. learn more...

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Nonlinear theory of dislocations and disclinations in by Leonid M. Zubov

By Leonid M. Zubov

Counter the writer applies tools of nonlinear elasticity to enquire the defects within the crystal constitution of solids reminiscent of dislocations and disclinations that signify the plastic and energy homes of many fabrics. opposite to the geometrically encouraged nonlinear idea of dislocations regularly disbursed over the physique, nonlinear research of remoted dislocations and disclinations is much less built; it really is given for the 1st time during this booklet, and in a sort available to either scholars and researchers. the final concept of Volterra's dislocations in elastic media less than huge deformations is built. a few certain recommendations are stumbled on. The nonlinear method of investigating the remoted defects produces effects that frequently range qualitatively from these of the linear concept. learn more... From the Contents: Volterra's Dislocations in Elastic physique. huge Deformation.- under pressure kingdom of Nonlinearly Elastic our bodies with Dislocations and Disclinations.- designated ideas under pressure to the issues on Volterra Dislocations in Nonlinearly Elastic Bodies.- remoted Defects in Nonlinearly Elastic our bodies with Couple Stresses.- Nonlinear conception of Dislocations and Disclinations in Elastic Shells.- balance of Equilibrium and Wave Propagation in our bodies with Inherent Stresses

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Membrane Transport Mechanism: 3D Structure and Beyond by Reinhard Krämer, Christine Ziegler

By Reinhard Krämer, Christine Ziegler

With this variation is aimed to collect quite significant paintings on transporters that has contributed to the basic figuring out of the alternating entry mechanism. it really is lined 4 of the main secondary transporter households: the Glutamate transporter kinfolk (Chap. 1), the LeuT-like fold kinfolk (Chaps. 2, three, four, and 5), the foremost Facilitator kinfolk (Chaps. 6 and 7), and the SMR (RND) family members (Chaps. nine, 10, and 11), in addition to the maltose transporter (Chap. 8), a major member of the ATP-driven relations of ABC transporters. the chosen examples impressively reveal how the combo of practical research, crystallography, and research of dynamics contributes to the general mechanistic photo of solute shipping.

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Phosgene and Related Carbonyl Halides by T.A. Ryan, E.A. Seddon, K.R. Seddon, C. Ryan

By T.A. Ryan, E.A. Seddon, K.R. Seddon, C. Ryan

Phosgene, COCl2 is a C1 chemical of significant business significance. the yearly creation, world wide, is greater than 1 million plenty; ninety% of that is utilized in the manufacture of isocyanates and of polyurethane and polycarbonate resins. Phosgene is additionally greatly used as a man-made reagent in natural chemistry, particularly within the instruction of acyl chlorides, chloroformate esters, natural carbonates and carbamoyl chlorides.Although greater than 7000 papers have seemed on phosgene and a few a thousand papers on its analogues, this is often the 1st e-book on those attention-grabbing chemical substances. It provides a severe treatise of phosgene, starting from its discovery and next use as a battle fuel to a few strength purposes of the cloth into the twenty first century. It contains chapters on organic results and commercial hygiene; on synthesis, formation and manufacture; research, makes use of, environmental results, and actual and thermodynamic houses. Reactions with natural and inorganic fabrics are defined. 4 of the seventeen chapters are dedicated to an outline of the carbonyl halides (especially carbonyl difluoride) with regards to phosgene, and a unique part bargains jointly with the digital constructions of carbonyl halide molecules.Featuring the first-ever complete dialogue of the clinical results of phosgene poisoning and the main smooth tools of treating publicity sufferers, the e-book might be of curiosity to historians and militarists and people operating within the chemical industries (heavy chemical compounds, agricultural and pharmaceutical), collage libraries, hospitals, clinical learn centres, museums, environmental learn centres, poison devices and overall healthiness and defense associations world-wide.

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Basic Elements of Crystallography by Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki, Teresa Szwacka

By Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki, Teresa Szwacka

This textbook is an entire and transparent creation to the sphere of crystallography. It comprises an in depth dialogue at the 14 Bravais lattices and their reciprocals, the elemental techniques of aspect- and space-group symmetry, the crystal constitution of components and binary compounds, and lots more and plenty more.

The function of this textbook is to demonstrate instead of describe "using many phrases" the constitution of fabrics. Even readers who're thoroughly unexpected with the subject, yet nonetheless attracted to studying how the atoms are prepared in crystal buildings, will locate this ebook immensely helpful. every one bankruptcy is followed through workouts designed to motivate scholars to discover the several crystal buildings they're studying approximately. The recommendations to the routines also are supplied on the finish of the book.

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