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Anaphora Resolution (Studies in Language and Linguistics) by Ruslan Mitkov

By Ruslan Mitkov

Educating desktops to resolve language difficulties is likely one of the significant challengesof typical language processing. there's a great amount of fascinating researchdevoted to this box. This publication fills an current hole within the literature with anup-to-date survey of the sector, together with the author¿s personal contributions.A variety of assorted fields overlap in anaphora answer ¿ computationallinguistics, average language processing (NLP), grammar, semantics, pragmatics,discourse research and synthetic intelligence. This publication starts via introducingbasic notions and terminology, relocating onto early study equipment andapproaches, fresh advancements and purposes, and destiny directions.It addresses numerous concerns relating to the sensible implementation of anaphorasystems, equivalent to principles hired, algorithms applied or evaluationtechniques used. this can be an incredible reference publication for college kids and researchersin this actual sector of computational linguistics.Since anaphora answer is key for the improvement of any sensible NLPsystem, the e-book can be of curiosity to readers from either academia andindustry.

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29 Therefore, grammatical information as to whether a certain word is a third person pronoun would not be sufficient: each occurrence of it has to be checked in order to find out if it is referential or not. Several algorithms for identification of pleonastic pronouns have been reported in the literature. ): ‘It is ModalAdj that S’, ‘It is ModalAdj (for NP) to VP’, ‘It is CogV-ed that S’, ‘It seems/appears/means/follows (that) S’, or in syntactic variants such as ‘It is not/may be ModalAdj’, ‘Wouldn’t it be ModalAdj’, etc.

Karttunen (1969). There are other examples where the anaphor does not trigger coreference such as My neighbour has a monster Harley 1200. They are really huge but gas-efficient bikes (Sidner 1983). To account for such cases, Sidner introduces the relationship co-specification. She regards the ARC01 11/04/2002 4:19 PM Page 25 LINGUISTIC FUNDAMENTALS 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 relationship anaphor-antecedent as kind of cognitive pointing to the same ‘cognitive element’, called specification.

Guindon (1988) obtained similar results for spoken dialogues as did Dahlbäck’s (1992) findings for Swedish. Both Fraurud and Guindon note that there is a small class of long-distance anaphors whose antecedents are not in the same or the preceding sentence. The greatest distance between a pronominal anaphor and its antecedent reported in Hobbs (1978) is 13 sentences and in Fraurud (1988) is 15 sentences. Fraurud’s investigation also established that the animacy of the antecedent is a factor for long-distance pronominalisation: usually pronouns referring to humans can have their antecedents further away.

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