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An Introduction to Saline Lakes on the Qinghai—Tibet Plateau by Zheng Mianping

By Zheng Mianping

Since 1956 the writer has been making huge and unique investigations of saline lakes at the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. at the foundation of huge quantities of trustworthy first-hand facts and multidisciplinary research, the ebook bargains with the temporal-spatial evolution of the plateau saline lakes and the customers for inorganic salts and natural assets and their exploitation and safety, in addition to the relationships among saline lakes and international adjustments.
This booklet is the 1st English monograph on saline lakes at the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau - the `Roof of the World'. in comparison with books approximately saline lakes in different parts of the realm, this monograph is written in a multidisciplinary, entire and systematic approach. it can be utilized by graduate scholars, academics, researchers, box geologists and engineers as a reference ebook in examine, instructing, etc.

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Ment; 4-Fault. EVOLUTION OF CENOZOIC LAKE BASINS AND THE FORMATION 120 , 37 «Ok.. I and NW trends. [Z} ~2 D3 [Q]S ~8 ~6 [Q]9 7. It ___ 8. '"'i~~~. . t". inly b)' E w. NW and NE tTcndlnll hull$, U n~f:r'a l tl n~ar l)' fault and bA s in 10. Major lIIodul'll lAke II. 7. Sketch of Quaternary basins and linear structures on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. I-Nearly E-W regional compressional fault; 2-NE and NW-trending principal shear fault; 3-Nearly N-S prin. cipal tensional fault; 4-Convergence zone; S-Basin (series I-m) controlled mainly by nearly E-W fault and convergence zone; 6-Strike-slip basin controlled mainly by NE or NW-trending fault; 7-Micro-rift basins controlled mainly by nearly N-S fault; 8-Deep fault-block basin controlled mainly by nearly E- W to NW-trending and NE-trending fault; 9-Fault of unknown nature and basin; IO-Ma· j>r modem lake; II-Ancient island.

The Bayan Har district has a total drainage area of nearly 420,000 km 2 • At present there are three lakes with areas greater than 100 km 2 each that make up 73% of the total area oflakes in the district. They are Ngoring (611 km 2) and Gyaring (526 km 2) Lakes (both of which are alternately endoric-exoric lakes within the Yellow River drainage system) and the fresh-water Toson Lake (223 km 2). The other lakes in the district are relatively small, which are no more than several square kilometres in size.

8. METEORITE CRATER LAKES There is increasing recognition that meteorite craters are more widely distributed on the Earth's surface than has previously been thought. On the basis of satellite images it has recently been suggested that some of the circular lakes with ring-shaped marginal rises in Tibet are possibly of meteorite-impact origin (K. Burke, pers. ). These lakes are all in remote areas, so that these suggestions have not been verified by field data. Hence, the possible existence of meteorite crater lakes requires further investigation.

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