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Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in by Christine Isom-Verhaaren

By Christine Isom-Verhaaren

In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the town of great. The operation, less than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in keeping with a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the fantastic in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused excessive condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from permitted international relations. thoughts of the Crusades have been, in any case, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the facility politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French resources, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early smooth period. the result's crucial analyzing for college students and students of eu background, Ottoman reports, and of family among the Christian and Islamic worlds.

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Extra info for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)

Sample text

In his multi-volume history of France, he briefly mentions the events of 1543–44: Catholic France ... followed the flag of Islam, the flag of pirates and of slave merchants. The young Duke d’Enghien, united to Barbarossa, besieged Nice. In vain. The Algerians compensated by pillaging and abduction. Placed by us in Toulon, even in Provence they made their harvest of girls and their provision of galley slaves. 45 His account has more in common with Giovio’s than with those of sixteenth-century French eyewitnesses, whose reports were nearly all published by the time he wrote this portion of his Histoire de France.

7 Though the naval war was proceeding badly for the French, they were more successful in their invasion of Milan. Lodovico Sforza had explained his position to the Venetian envoy shortly before the war began, illustrating that no one doubted that the war involved the Ottomans in Italy as well as in the Morea: I am not afraid of the King of France: He has no just claim to my State; and, since he styles himself the Most Christian King, he ought rather to come to my aid against those who might wish to attack me.

39 During the sixteenth century, one other major category of French primary sources was produced as a result of the Ottoman-French alliance: the travelers’ reports written by the men who accompanied French ambassadors to the Ottoman Empire from 1536 until 1573. Guillaume Postel traveled to the Ottoman Empire with the embassy of Jean de la Forest in 1536 and with that of Gabriel d’Aramon in 1549–50. indd 16 4/15/2011 7:43:16 PM INTRODUCTION 17 Gilles, Pierre Belon, Jean Chesneau, Andre Thevet, and Nicolas de Nicolay were all associated with the embassies of d’Aramon from 1547 to 1553.

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