By Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner
“Is there quite something new to assert approximately Reconstruction? the wonderful contributions to this quantity make it transparent that the answer's a powerful certain. jointly those essays let us reconsider the meanings of kingdom and citizenship within the Reconstruction South, a deeply worthwhile activity and a laudable enhance at the present historiography.”—Alex Lichtenstein, Indiana University
within the renowned mind's eye, freedom for African american citizens is usually assumed to were granted and entirely discovered while Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation or, a minimum of, on the end of the Civil conflict. in truth, the anxiousness felt by means of newly freed slaves and their allies within the wake of the clash illustrates a extra complex dynamic: the that means of freedom used to be vigorously, usually lethally, contested within the aftermath of the war.
After Slavery moves past wide generalizations referring to black lifestyles in the course of Reconstruction with the intention to handle the numerous stories of freed slaves around the South. city unrest in New Orleans and Wilmington, North Carolina, loyalty between former slave proprietors and slaves in Mississippi, armed insurrection alongside the Georgia coast, and racial violence in the course of the quarter are only the various issues examined.
The essays integrated listed here are chosen from the easiest paintings created for the After Slavery undertaking, a transatlantic learn collaboration. mixed, they provide a range of viewpoints at the key matters in Reconstruction historiography and a well-rounded portrait of the era.
Read or Download After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South PDF
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Extra resources for After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South
In the year immediately following the end of the war, the radicalization and mobilization of working people clashed with the reactionary expectations of many returning Confederates, resulting in social turmoil and an explosion of racial violence in 1866. The events in New Orleans, along with similar scenes in other Southern locales, helped convince many Northerners that President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction policy had been far too lenient and was allowing the return to power of the former rebels.
As we know, although men predominated among the Africans transported in the original Atlantic slave trade by ratios of up to two to one, both men and women were crucial to slave-labor regimes—whether in southwest Georgia cotton plantations or on western Jamaican sugar estates. 29 The outcomes of that struggle varied. Sharecropping in the American South recaptured much of that labor eventually, while what Sidney Mintz called the “peasant breach” in Jamaica gave women and their families resources for continued resistance and a measure of control.
Light, “From Migrant Enclaves to Mainstream,” 705–37. 26. ” 27. ” 28. S. N. reports. S. htm. 29. For examples, see O’Donovan, Becoming Free in the Cotton South; and Holt, Problem of Freedom. 30. Sidney W. ” 31. Edwards, “‘The Marriage Covenant Is the Foundation of All Our Rights’”; Bercaw, Gendered Freedoms; O’Donovan, Becoming Free in the Cotton South. 32. Ross, Slaves to Fashion, 36. 33. html. Justice Warren’s dissenting opinion in Perez v. S. court=US&vol=356&invol=44. 34 Thomas C. Holt 34. , From Migrants to Citizens.