By Dagmar Haumann
This monograph presents an in-depth research of the structural integration and the licensing of adverbs relating to clause constitution, with designated emphasis at the structural implementation of the relation among the placement and interpretation of adverbs. The e-book substantiates the speculation that the licensing of adverbs inside and around the 3 layers of the clause is contingent on specifier-head contract and that version within the linear order of adverbs and different components of the clause follows from the interaction of a small variety of elements. The principal claims made are: practical projections website hosting adverbs aren't limited to the inflectional and complementizer layer of the clause, but in addition play a crucial position within the shaping of the lexical layer; postverbal adverbs are discovered inside of a semantically empty verbal projection and authorized less than specifier head contract by way of proxy; and adverbs that ensue in the complementizer layer of the clause accomplish that by way of both move or merge.
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Extra info for Adverb Licensing and Clause Structure in English
B. c. d. [How [Q]]i did Madonna perform 'American Pie' ti ? [How often [Q]]i did she ti go there? [Often[FOC]]i did she ti cry. [So loudly [FOC]]i did he snore ti that he woke his neighbors. g. probably in (76), since they are not associated with features that would trigger movement to a specifier position, be treated as adjuncts, not as specifiers: 32 (76) John probably has left already. e. a predicate or an argument (cf. Chomsky 1995:330). Thus, probably in (76) is taken to adjoin to TP yielding the two-segment category [TP probably TP], as illustrated in (77):33 (77) TP 3 probably TP ( = T') 2 T AuxP34 2 Aux VP # 2 has D VP ( = V') # 6 John left already The TP-adjoined position occupied by probably counts as an A'-position, since the adverb is neither an argument of the verb left nor interacts with the Φfeatures) of T.
Features that are not interpretable at the PF interface. In the MP, the distinction between –interpretable and interpretable features is fundamental since it relates to how features interact with the computational system. e. categorial features and formal features on nominals, the so-called Φ-features) are relevant to and only visible at either the PF interface or the LF interface, whereas –interpretable features are substantial to the derivation, but irrelevant to the interface levels. e. g. ) on the status of Agr)).
CC) c. I have often been faced with a musical deadline. (CC) If these adverbs assigned adjunct Θ-roles, they would – like speaker-oriented adverbs – systematically violate the Adjunct Θ-Criterion (see also Laenzlinger 1998:69 for discussion). ] if and only if X is linked to Y. Roberts (1987:73) argues that the predication relation in (29) is a necessary though not a sufficient condition and thus needs to be supplemented by selectional restrictions on the predicate. g. g. g. g. e. Infl, whereas Type II adverbs like quickly in (31b) are one-place predicates that select either Infl or VP.