By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
The reports during this quantity recommend that each language has an adjective classification, yet those fluctuate in personality and in dimension. In its grammatical houses, an adjective category may possibly beas just like nouns, or to verbs, or to either, or to neither.ze. while in a few languages the adjective classification is huge and will be freely further to, in others it really is small and closed. with only a dozen or so contributors. The e-book will curiosity students and complex scholars of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives.
Read or Download Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology (Explorations in Linguistic Typology) PDF
Best grammar books
In 1962, the thinker Richard Taylor used six generally permitted presuppositions to indicate that humans haven't any keep watch over over the longer term. David Foster Wallace not just took factor with Taylor's procedure, which, in accordance with him, scrambled the relatives of common sense, language, and the actual global, but in addition famous a semantic trick on the center of Taylor's argument.
Just about all languages have a few grammatical ability for categorizing nouns. This publication presents a complete and unique research of noun categorization units worldwide. it is going to curiosity typologists, these operating within the fields of morphosyntactic version and lexical semantics, in addition to anthropologists and all different students attracted to the mechanisms of human cognition.
- A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics (Glossaries in Linguistics)
- The Isizulu: a revised edition of a Grammar of the Zulu Language, etc.
- Linearization of Chains and Sideward Movement (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
- The Pragmatics of Word Order: Typological Dimensions of Verb Initial Languages (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology)
- Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8 (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
Extra resources for Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology (Explorations in Linguistic Typology)
16 R. M. W. 1. Different possibilities within the predicate slot In some languages exactly the same morphological processes and syntactic modifiers may apply to a verb and an adjective within a predicate. However, in many languages the possibilities vary. Most typically, an adjective is far more restricted than a verb when it occurs as predicate head. For example, in the Iroquoian language Cherokee (Feeling 1975), a verb as predicate head allows three types of prefix and two varieties of suffix.
Just as in most languages it is an easy matter to give criteria for distinguishing nouns from verbs, so in many languages it is an easy matter to distinguish adjectives as a separate word class. I mentioned that there are just a few languages 12 R. M. W. Dixon in which, at first blush, nouns and verbs appear to function alike; however, in every instance, a careful and detailed examination of the grammar reveals a number of fairly subtle but absolutely robust criteria for distinguishing two word classes.
Some languages whose adjectives are (II) non-verb-like and (B) non-noun-like. We can now examine, in turn, languages of type (I) and of type (A). 1 deals with languages in which adjectives can fill the intransitive predicate slot and have similar properties to verbs; it surveys the criteria which may serve to distinguish adjectives from verbs in these languages. 2 examines languages in which adjectives have a similar morphological and syntactic profile to nouns, surveying criteria that can be found to distinguish the class of adjectives from the class of nouns.