By Yoshiki Ogawa
Syntactically talking, it has lengthy been recognized that noun words are parallel to clauses in lots of respects. whereas so much syntactic theories comprise this precept, nouns have normally been considered as not so good as verbs when it comes to their licensing skills, and nominal projections were considered as much less advanced than verbal projections when it comes to the variety of useful different types that they include. Ogawa, besides the fact that, argues that clauses and noun words are completely parallel. This ebook presents a unified thought of clauses and noun words, eventually assisting to simplify a number of thorny matters within the syntax/morphology interface.
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Extra resources for A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections
C. : 129): K weten da-se zie goat weggoan. ' Since CP is head-initial in these languages, the V-to-C movement in an embedded clause must result in the placement of a finite verb in sentencemedial position: (37) a. German (van Kemenade 1987:47): Er sagte, er habe ihn gesehen. ' b. Dutch (Hulk and van Kemenade 1993:183): Hij zei hij heeft hem gisteren gezien. ' 34 A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections c. Frisian (deHaan and Weerman 1986:85): Pyt sei hy hie my sjoen. ' Finally, as in Italian, the V-to-C is incompatible with an overt C in Dutch: (38) Dutch (Hulk and van Kemenade 1993:183): *Hij zei dat heeft hij hem gisteren gezien.
Essendo Gianni disposto ad aiutarci,... (Rizzi 1982:83) This contrast can be interpreted as showing that in a nonroot clause in Italian not headed by an overt C, the highest verb must be raised to C across the subject in [Spec, T] (or [Spec, v]). If this is the correct generalization, and if an overt C is not an affix in Italian, then it is predicted that in a complement clause, too, the C can be null if the Aux-to-Comp takes place. This prediction is borne out. In fact, Aux-to-Comp is incompatible with the overt C, as shown below: (32) Mi auguro (*che) abbia lui fornito tutte le indicazioni del caso.
The null C has a V-feature), (ii) that the movement of every CP leaves a trace of the category D, (iii) that a uniformity condition on chains requires that every member of a chain be of the same category, and (iv) that when the CP is headed by the raised verb, its movement creates the chain (VP, tDP), which violates the uniformity condition on chains, whence ruled out. Given that (41a-b) are ruled out on these independent grounds, their ill-formedness does not undermine my proposal that the null C can satisfy its affixal property by the clausemate verb.