By Hidemitsu Takahashi
1. checklist of figures, snap shots; 2. record of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. advent, p1-20; 6. 2. staring at English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The that means of the English significant, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for the various findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined significant structures: Passive, revolutionary, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. jap imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and customers, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. info resources, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242
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Extra info for A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : with special reference to Japanese imperatives
6 In the other pattern, the let’s-imperative comes at the end of the entire dialogue to propose a reasonable course of action or final decision for both parties. In this case, compliance is taken for granted: (10) a. b. [Mother to her son] Kemal was waiting in the hallway. “Let’s go home,” Dana said curtly. (Sky, p. 41) [Clergyman to a young girl seeking help] “Father, Tim,” he corrected her with a grin. ” “Let’s go talk somewhere,” he said calmly, weaving in and out of half a dozen children chasing each other around the main lobby.
1999: 1117). Unlike ordinary imperatives, let’s-imperatives typically suggest a shared action by speaker and addressee(s), either alone or with one or more others. However, the let’s-imperative can be at times interpreted as proposal for an action either by the addressee(s) alone (Biber et al. ; Collins 2004: 302) or by the speaker alone (cf. Huddleston and Pullum 2002; Collins 2004). Furthermore, according to Huddleston and Pullum (2002: 936), let’s-imperatives generally involve a verbal response indicating agreement or refusal and there are also special cases (such as expository directives) lacking any such verbal response.
This perspective helps explain the (in)felicity of numerous mixed imperative Chapter 1. Introduction constructions that vary in relative size and complexity. Included are imperatives with passive, progressive, and perfective verbs, conditional imperatives with and/ or, and imperatives in subordinate clauses. For example, the imperative in (12) involves three (clausal-level) constructions listed in (13): (12) Call me later. 3)) (13) a. Imperative construction b. Transitive construction c. Active construction The imperative Call me later in (12) is well-formed, because the three component constructions are in full conceptual harmony.