By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed striking ethnic and cultural variety one of the expected thirty million humans dwelling inside its borders. It was once possibly the main cosmopolitan nation within the world--and in all likelihood the main unstable. a short historical past of the overdue Ottoman Empire now supplies students and common readers a concise historical past of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by way of extraordinary social swap. relocating previous ordinary remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes extensive old traits and approaches greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He seems heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this background is not just necessary to comprehending sleek Turkey, yet is necessary to the histories of Europe and the area. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial records and different files from the interval to explain it because it truly used to be, now not because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a quick background of the overdue Ottoman Empire is a must-read for somebody looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the realm nonetheless grapples with this present day.
Read Online or Download A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire PDF
Best turkey books
Ottoman naval know-how underwent a metamorphosis less than the guideline of Sultan Selim III. New forms of crusing warships corresponding to - and three-decked galleons, frigates and corvettes started to dominate the Ottoman fleet, rendering the galley-type oared ships out of date. this era observed technological suggestions akin to the adoption of the systematic copper sheathing of the hulls and bottoms of Ottoman warships from 1792-93 onwards and the development of the 1st dry dock within the Golden Horn.
The Republic of Turkey is a rustic of an important value bridging the Balkans and the center East, Europe and Asia. regardless of its inhabitants of over 60 million being overwhelmingly Muslim, it has due to the fact its inception been ostensibly a mundane nation ruled in keeping with the precepts of its founder Kernal Ataturk.
Evliya Celebi used to be the seventeenth century's such a lot diligent, adventurous, and sincere recorder, whose puckish wit and humor are laced all through his ten-volume masterpiece. This fresh translation brings Evliya sparklingly again to existence. ""Well worthy a learn. ""-Irish Echo 7/2011
The determine of the renegade - a eu Christian or Jew who had switched over to Islam and used to be now serving the Ottoman sultan - is omnipresent in all genres produced through these early sleek Christian Europeans who wrote in regards to the Ottoman Empire. 'The sultan's renegades' inserts those 'foreign' converts into the context of Ottoman elite existence to reorient the dialogue of those contributors clear of the current concentrate on their exceptionality, in the direction of a professional appreciation in their position within the Ottoman imperial company and the Empire's relatives with its buddies in Christian Europe.
- Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change
- A Historical Archaeology Of The Ottoman Empire - Breaking New Ground
- Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation
- The Enemy at the Gate: Habsburgs, Ottomans, and the Battle for Europe
Additional info for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire
Indd 28 8/23/2007 8:16:00 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 29 strictly religious lines, identity was closely linked to physical markers, especially clothing. The dominant faith, for instance, determined the color codes appropriate for non-Muslims, stipulating which color of robe or shoe a scriptuary was forbidden to wear, such as bright green robes or yellow shoes. As members of a privileged religious class entitled to bear arms, Muslims typically owned various types of weapons, ranging from daggers to rifles.
Indd 12 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 13 their final defeat in 1818, they refused to allow the sultan’s Mahmil (Mahmal), the special litter that carried the Ottoman sultan’s yearly offerings to Mecca and Medina sent to Mecca at the time of the pilgrimage, to enter in the holiest city of Islam. In their words: it was “not permissible for us . . 18 In the event, however, it was the Governor of Egypt, Mehmed Ali Pasha, who dispatched his sons İsmail (Ismā<īl) and Tosun (Tūsūn) Pashas to Arabia, defeating the Wahhābīs on the battlefield in September 1818.
The strict timetables of Islamic ritual necessitated private means of chronometry, which were in fact ubiquitous. Watches, quadrants, and hourglasses were commonplace, supplementing state-sponsored mechanisms of timekeeping. 63 The inventories of the first five were recorded in Hicrî 1164 (1750–51), while those of the others were registered in Hicrî 1215 (1800–1801). In the Ottoman system, the total worth of a given estate was equal to the aggregated worth of all possessions of the deceased, including physical belongings, property, cash savings, loans to other individuals, and slaves and concubines.